Border Security Force was raised in 1965 with strength of 25 Battalions and 03 Coys. Over theyears, the Force has grown in size and as on date, it has 192 Battalions including 03 NDRF Battalions.
The tasks of the BSF are divided as follows:
- Peace time:
a)Promote a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.
b)Prevent trans border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
c) Prevent smuggling and any other illegal activity.
- War Time:
a)Holding ground in less threatened sectors so long as the main attack does not develop in a particular sector and it is felt that the local situation is within the capability of BSF to deal with. The BSF units can continue to remain deployed in particular sector even in a war situation to release the Army for offensive tasks. In the even of a major attack developing, which is not within the capacity of the BSF to deal with, the Army can be expected either to reinforce the BSF with Artillery or other support, or relieve the BSF from its role in the particular sector
b)Protection of vital installations particular air-fields against enemy commandoes/para troopers or raids. The role can be entrusted to the BSF Units which are placed under the Army‘s operational Control.
c)Providing extension to the Flanks of main defence line by the holding of strong points in conjunction with other units.
d) Limited Aggressive action against para military or irregular forces of the enemy within the overall plan of the Armed Forces.
e) Performing special tasks connected with intelligence including raids. These are tasks which might be entrusted to BSF Units by the Army in a war situation according to local necessity. It would, however, be expected that the state of training and equipment of the particular BSF Units would be kept in view in assessing their adequacy for the
f) Acting as guides in an area of responsibility where routes are known. This is a task which the BSF should be able to perform.
g) Maintenance of law and order in enemy territory administrated under the control of Normally, ordinary civil police force would be utilised for this task but the BSF could be used to supplement the civil police or to act in lieu thereof in a situation where civil police is not readily available.
h) Provision of escorts.
i) Guarding of prisoners of war cages.
j) Assistance in control of refugees. It is the intention to utilise civil police force and armed Home Guards for these tasks but again depending upon local exigencies, the BSF might be entrusted with these tasks.
k) Anti – infiltration duties in speci?ied This is an important responsibility which will have to be performed by security forces. The exact responsibility of the BSF in this matter is still under consideration and separate instructions are expected to be issued.
Various Achievements of BSF
- Its operational responsibility is spread over 6,386.36 km of International Border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. It is also deployed on the Line of Control (LoC) in J&K under the operational control of the Army.
- In its Fight against Militancy/Left Wing Extremism, the BSF apprehended and got militants/Maoists surrendered apart from effecting seizure of arms and ammunition.
- The Border Security Force has one Formed Police Unit deployed with United Nations Stabilizations Mission in Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO)
- The BSF troops are performing their duties in exemplary manner to ensure the UN mandate in all spheres of their duties.