India elected to UN Economic and Social Council for 2022-24 term

  • India has been elected to the Economic and Social Council, one of the six main organs of the United Nations, for the 2022-24 term.
  • The 54-member Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is at the heart of the United Nations system to advance the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.
  • It is the central platform for fostering debate and innovative thinking, forging consensus on ways forward, and coordinating efforts to achieve internationally agreed goals.
  • It is also responsible for the follow-up to major UN conferences and summits.
  • India was elected in the Asia-Pacific States category along with Afghanistan, Kazakhstan and Oman in the elections held on Monday.
  • From the African states, Côte d’Ivoire, Eswatini, Mauritius, Tunisia and the United Republic of Tanzania were elected while from the eastern European states, Croatia and the Czech Republic and from the Latin American and Caribbean states, Belize, Chile and Peru were elected.
  • In the Economic and Social Council by-election, Greece, New Zealand and Denmark were elected for a term of office from January to December 2022 and Israel was elected for a term of office beginning January 1, 2022 and until December 31, 2023.
  • India is currently serving the 2021-22 term as a non-permanent member of the powerful UN Security Council and will assume the Presidency of the 15-nation UN organ in August.
  • The UN Charter established ECOSOC in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations.
  • ECOSOC’s 54 members are elected for three-year terms by the General Assembly. Seats on the Council are allotted based on geographical representation with 14 allocated to African states, 11 to Asian states, six to eastern European states, 10 to Latin American and Caribbean states and 13 to western European and other states, according to the ECOSOC website.
  • The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. It is the main body responsible for coordination, policy dialogue, policy review and recommendations on social, economic and environmental issues, and also the implementation of internationally agreed development goals.
ECOSOC – About

 

    • ECOSOC is headquartered in New York.
    • It is the main arena in the UN for encouraging debate and innovative thinking, forming consensus on future courses of action, and coordinating efforts to attain globally agreed goals.
    • It functions as the central mechanism for all the activities within the UN and also its specialised agencies in the social, environmental and economic domains
    • ECOSOC was established as one of the principal organs of the UN by the UN Charter in 1945.
    • ECOSOC is also responsible for the follow-up to United Nations summits and conferences.
ECOSOC Role

ECOSOC plays a very important role in the UN system.

  • It plays the important role of acting as a link between the diverse body of agencies, conventions and organizations within the UN.
  • ECOSOC plays a leading role in identifying emerging challenges, encouraging innovation, and attaining a balanced integration of the three pillars of sustainable development—economic, social and environmental.
  • It acts as a gateway for UN partnership & participation by the rest of the world.
  • It is an international meeting point for governments, leaders, academicians, policymakers, parliamentarians, NGOs, etc
ECOSOC Functions

The functions of the ECOSOC encompasses the following areas:

    1. ECOSOC engages in enhancing the peace and development nexus and coordinating support to countries emerging from conflict.
    2. Advancing policy integration – The Integration Segment of ECOSOC meets once in a year to help member countries chart ways to achieve the three pillars of sustainable development (social, economic and environmental).
    3. Financing for sustainable development
    4. Development Cooperation Forum – The Forum reviews the latest trends and progress in international development cooperation and promotes coordination across diverse actors and activities.
    5. Coordinating humanitarian action – Here, the focus is on how to tackle pressing issues of humanitarian concern.
    6. Providing coordination and oversight – This is the management segment of ECOSOC’s functions.
    7. Partnership Forum – This Forum brings together influential government leaders, civil society, the private sector and the non-profit sector also to foster international development.
    8. It conducts special meetings to address emergency issues and situations such as health emergencies like the Ebola outbreak, the global food crisis in 2008, etc.
    9. Promoting sustainable development – ECOSOC is the unifying platform for integration, action on sustainable development and follow-up and review.
    10. It also has a Youth Forum where the voices of the youth and youth-led organizations are heard.
    11. Guiding operational activities for development
      1. Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review (QCPR) comes under this head in ECOSOC.
      2. The QCPR is the chief policy instrument of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to define the manner in which the UN development system would work to support countries in their developmental efforts
Tags: Current Affairs, International Relations

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