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National Monsoon Mission ,GS Prelims and GS – I – Geography & GS-III – Sci & Tech

In news

Minister of Earth Science informed Rajya Sabha about National Monsoon Mission.

Key takeaways

Under the Monsoon Mission, Ministry has developed state-of-the-art weather and climate prediction models, which are now in operational use.
These models include models for short-range to medium range (1-10 days), extended-range (10days to 30 days), and seasonal (up to one season).

Targets of Monsoon Mission:

Development of a seamless prediction system using monsoon mission model, on different time scales, like Seasonal, Extended range, Short-range prediction.
Initiate and coordinate the working partnership between Indian and foreign institutes to develop a system for the prediction of extremes and climate applications
Develop and implement a system for climate applications having social impacts (such as agriculture, flood forecast, extreme events forecast, wind energy, etc.)
Advanced data assimilation system for preparing high-quality data for model predictions.

Major achievements of NMM during the last three years:

Setting up of an advanced prediction system for Seasonal prediction; Extended range prediction and Very high-resolution Short-range prediction.
Commissioning of a Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS) for short and medium-range prediction at 12km.

Tags: Current Affairs, Geography, GS – I, GS Prelims

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