India added another feather in its cap when four more sites – two each from Haryana and Gujarat – were recognised as wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
These sites are:
- Thol, Gujarat – The Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat lies on the Central Asian Flyway and more than 320 bird species can be found here.
- Wadhwana, Gujarat- the Wadhvana Wetland in Gujarat is internationally important for its birdlife as it provides wintering ground to migratory waterbirds, including over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway.
- Sultanpur, Haryana – The Sultanpur National Park supports more than 220 species of resident, winter migratory and local migratory waterbirds at critical stages of their life cycles.
- Bhindawas, Haryana- Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary is a human-made freshwater wetland. It is also the largest in Haryana.
What is the Ramsar Convention?
- The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty adopted on February 2, 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar, on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea.
- It came into force for India on February 1, 1982. Those wetlands which are of international importance are declared as Ramsar sites.
- Last year, Ramsar declared 10 more wetland sites from India as sites of international importance.