Current AffairsEnvironmnet

RAMSAR CONVENTION

India added another feather in its cap when four more sites – two each from Haryana and Gujarat – were recognised as wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

These sites are:

  • Thol, Gujarat – The Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat lies on the Central Asian Flyway and more than 320 bird species can be found here.
  • Wadhwana, Gujarat- the Wadhvana Wetland in Gujarat is internationally important for its birdlife as it provides wintering ground to migratory waterbirds, including over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway.
  • Sultanpur, Haryana – The Sultanpur National Park supports more than 220 species of resident, winter migratory and local migratory waterbirds at critical stages of their life cycles.
  • Bhindawas, Haryana-  Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary is a human-made freshwater wetland. It is also the largest in Haryana.

 

What is the Ramsar Convention?

  • The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty adopted on February 2, 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar, on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea.
  • It came into force for India on February 1, 1982. Those wetlands which are of international importance are declared as Ramsar sites.
  • Last year, Ramsar declared 10 more wetland sites from India as sites of international importance.
Tags: Current Affairs, Environmnet

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